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Summer Palace

The Summer Palace landscape, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 3.08 square kilometers, three-quarters of which is underwater. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.

The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was first constructed in 1750. It was razed to the ground by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. The Government of the Qing Dynasty started to rebuild it in 1886 with funds that it had misappropriated from the Imperial Navy and other sources. Renamed two years later as Yihe Yuan or the Garden of Health and Harmony, it was supposed to serve as a summer resort for Empress Dowager Cixi. Known also as the Summer Palace, it was ravaged by the Allied Forces of the Eight Powers that invaded China in 1900. The damage was repaired in 1902. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Summer Palace has undergone several major renovations. Its major attractions such as the Four Great Regions, Suzhou Street, the Pavilion of Bright Scenery, the Hall of Serenity, the Wenchang Galleries and the Plowing and Weaving Scenery Area have been successively restored.

The Summer Palace is a monument to classical Chinese architecture, in terms of both garden design and construction. Borrowing scenes from surrounding landscapes, it radiates not only the grandeur of an imperial garden but also the beauty of nature in a seamless combination that best illustrates the guiding principle of traditional Chinese garden design: “The works of men should match the works of Heaven”. In December 1998, UNESCO included the Summer Palace on its World Heritage List with the following comments: 1) The Summer Palace in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole; 2) The Summer Palace epitomizes the philosophy and practice of Chinese garden design, which played a key role in the development of this cultural form throughout the east; 3) The imperial Chinese garden, illustrated by the Summer Palace, is a potent symbol of one of the major world civilizations.

Qianmen

Beijing "Qianmen" has two meanings.

One is the abbreviation of the Zhengyangmen Gatetower Complex. Zhengyangmen inward arch to guard the imperial city, outward to show the prosperous to all the other states, has been the leader of the gates in the capital. (January 13, 1988, the State Council announced as the third batch of national key cultural relics protection units)

The other one refers to the traditional commercial district consisting of Qianmen Street and the streets on both sides. Qianmen Street has been a prosperous commercial street in Beijing since the Ming Dynasty, and became more prosperous in the Qing Dynasty. With the passage of time, Qianmen has gone through hundreds of years of vicissitudes, and it has become an important symbol of the old Beijing's ancient capital style, and its cultural function as the capital's bright new business card is increasingly prominent.

The Palace Museum

Established in 1925, the Palace Museum is located in the imperial palace of the consecutive Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. The magnificent architectural complex, also known as the Forbidden City, and the vast holdings of paintings, calligraphy, ceramics, and antiquities of the imperial collections make it one of the most prestigious museums in China and the world.

In 1961, the State Council designated the former imperial residence as one of China's foremost-protected cultural heritage sites.

In 1987 it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.


Mutianyu Great Wall

Mutianyu Great Wall has a long history and splendid culture. It is 70 kilometres away from Beijing city, one of the famous Great Wall scenic spots in Beijing and the essence of the Great Wall in the Ming Dynasty.

Mutianyu Great Wall has a unique style of construction, three enemy towers together, one of the main passes, for the Great Wall is rare. Northwest has commonly known as"cattle horn edge","arrow buckle", "eagle flying down" and other Great Wall landscapes, it's potential steep and rugged, undulating, such as the dragon flying.

In Spring, flowers are in full bloom; In summer, the mountains are green and the rivers murmur; in Autumn, the red leaves spread across the mountains, fruits; In winter, the northern scenery is covered with white snow, enjoying the reputation of "Mutianyu of the Great Wall is unique" at domestically and overseas.

Miyun Reservoir

Miyun Reservoir is the largest reservoir in North China. It is in the northeast of Beijing, in the middle of Miyun District, more than 70 km southwest of Beijing City. The reservoir is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Chao and Bai rivers, and is made by impounding water from the Bai and Chao rivers, with the reservoir area spanning both rivers.

The reservoir has a surface area of 188 square kilometres at its highest water level, with a depth of 40 metres to 60 metres and a maximum reservoir capacity of 4.375 billion cubic metres. The road around the lake is about 110 km.

The Miyun Reservoir is fed by 2 major tributaries: one tributary is the Bai River, which originates in Guyuan, Hebei Province and flows into the reservoir via Chicheng County, Yanqing District and Huairou District; the other tributary is the Chao River, which originates in Fengning County, Hebei Province and flows into the reservoir from Gubei Kou via Luanping County.

Dujiangyan Water Conservancy Project

The Dujiangyan Water Conservancy Project is located in the city of Dujiangyan in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, which is situated in the transition zone between the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Chengdu Plain, with thousands of peaks on one side and thousands of miles of flat land on the other. In the summer and autumn, when the warm and humid air currents push westwards along the Chengdu Plain and are forced to climb up when they are blocked by the mountains, resulting in frequent rainfall, the Minjiang River, which flows down from the mountains, increases in volume and flows like a wild horse out of control, turning the plain into a vast ocean.

When the Min River rushed out of the mountain pass, it was blocked by the Yulei Mountains, and instead of flowing straight into the whole plain, it was forced southwards, thus causing droughts in the east and floods in the west, with floods on one side and thousands of miles of bare land on the other. This led to a painting of water management, which shows the wisdom of the Chinese people.

In 256 BC, Li Bing, the governor of Shu, organised the construction of the Dujiangyan, based on the work of his predecessor, Ao Ling. The project consisted of the Fish Mouth Water-Dividing Dam, the Flying Sand Fence, and the Bottle-Neck Channel, and was built in the western part of the Chengdu Plain at the place where Min River goes out the mountain. At an altitude of more than 700 metres, this is the area where the western Sichuan plateau transitions to the Chengdu plain. It was built here to take advantage of the high, naturally sloping terrain and to hold the Minjiang River at its throat, thus maximising the effectiveness of the project. The completion of the Dujiangyan project solved the flooding of the Min River.

The Dujiangyan water conservancy project is still playing a huge role today, and Li Bing's work on water management is worthy of being a great masterpiece of civilisation and a great water conservancy project for the benefit of the people. It is the world's oldest and only surviving water conservancy project featuring damless water diversion. It is a monument in the history of science and technology in China.

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding (hereinafter referred to as the Base), located at 1375# Panda Road, Northern Suburb, Chenghua District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, P.R.China, is 10 km away from the city centre and over 30 km from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport. Proclaimed the 'ecological demonstration project for the ex-situ conservation of giant pandas', the Base, covering an area of 1,000 mu (66.67 hectares), serves as the world's torchbearer for the ex-situ conservation of giant pandas, scientific research and breeding, public education, and educational tourism. The Base wears its title very well as the sanctuary for giant pandas, red pandas, and other endangered wild animals exclusive to China. The scenery is astonishing: trees clothe the slopes, crystal clear rivers wind down, forests line the paths, and birds chirp in harmony. The Base, as a bastion of bliss, is China's worst-kept secret -"the natural paradise of national treasures and our Xanadu".

Based on the six sick and starving pandas left behind in the 1980s, and without capturing a single giant panda from the wild, the base is based on technological innovation, with a population of 215 pandas by the end of 2020, the largest captive breeding population of giant pandas in the world, and with good genetic quality, individual health and behavioural health within the population.

The base is designed to simulate the ecological environment of giant pandas in the wild, with the giant panda maternity ward, panda breeding area, scientific research centre and panda hospital distributed in an orderly manner. In 1998, it was assessed by the World Tourism Organisation as another legendary world on a par with the World Natural Heritage site of Jiuzhaigou, and was named a National AAAA Tourist Attractions Area in 2006. 2019 saw over 9 million visitors from China and abroad.

Three Gorges Dam

The Three Gorges Dam is located in the Xilingxia River section of the Yangtze River and in the town of Sanduping, Yichang City, Hubei Province, and controls a watershed area of approximately one million square kilometres. It is a key backbone project for the governance and development of the Yangtze River, and is by far the world's largest hydroelectric hub project and the one with the most extensive comprehensive benefits.

The Three Gorges Dam mainly consists of three major parts: the hub project, the migration project and the power transmission project. The hub project consists of a dam, power station buildings, navigation buildings and the Maoping Creek protection project. The water retention and discharge buildings are designed according to the 1,000-year flood. The dam is a concrete gravity dam with a total dam axis length of 2309.5 metres and a maximum dam height of 181 metres. The normal storage level of the reservoir is 175 metres, with a corresponding storage capacity of 39.3 billion cubic metres. The total installed capacity of the power station is 22.5 million kilowatts, with a multi-year average power generation capacity of 88.2 billion kilowatt-hours.

The completed Three Gorges Project has raised the flood control standard of the Jing River, the weakest section of the Jianghan Plain, from one in ten years to one in a hundred years; the annual power generation capacity exceeds 100 billion kilowatt-hours, setting a world record for the power generation capacity of a single hydropower station and benefiting half of China; the annual freight volume of the Three Gorges River section exceeds 100 million tonnes, six times higher than before impoundment, and the transportation cost has dropped by nearly 40%, making the Yangtze River waterway a veritable The "Golden Waterway" has given a strong impetus to the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Gezhouba Dam

Located on the Three Gorges end section of the Yangtze River in Yichang, Hubei Province, China, Gezhouba is the first large-scale hydropower station on the Yangtze River and the world's largest low-head, high-flow, run-of-river hydropower station. It has a total reservoir capacity of 1.58 billion cubic metres, a total installed capacity of 2.715 million kilowatts and an average annual power generation capacity of 14 billion kilowatt-hours. The Gezhouba Dam project has comprehensive benefits such as power generation and channel improvement. It can play a counter-regulatory role to the uneven flow of the Three Gorges project due to flood regulation.

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal began in the Spring and Autumn Period and has a history of more than 2,500 years. The Grand Canal flows through Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces. It has a total length of 1,794 kilometres and is the longest in the world. The largest and oldest artificial canal is a great project created by the working people of ancient China. It is an important and important human cultural heritage that has been alive and flowing. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal (Hangzhou Section) starts from Yuhang Tangqi in the north and Qiantang River in the south. It is about 39 kilometres long and runs through four districts of Yuhang, Gongshu, Xiacheng and Jianggan in Hangzhou. In 2002, the Hangzhou Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government officially launched the comprehensive improvement and protection development project of the Hangzhou section of the Grand Canal, and comprehensively upgraded the water quality, landscape, bridges, roads, and ancient streets and ancient buildings of the canal. On both sides of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal (Hangzhou section), a cultural leisure experience corridor and a water tourism golden line with a natural ecological landscape as the core axis, historical blocks, cultural parks, museum groups, temple ancestral halls and heritage sites as important nodes have been formed.

West Lake

The West Lake Scenic Spot, a National 5A Tourist Attraction, was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2011 and is located in the western part of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, with a total scenic area of 49 square kilometres and a lake surface area of 6.38 square kilometres. The outline of the lake is nearly oval, the bottom of the lake is relatively flat and the average depth of the lake is 2.27 metres, with the deepest being about 5 metres and the shallowest less than 1 metre.

The lake is surrounded by mountains on the south, west and north sides, and the lake is divided into a number of water areas by the White Embankment, Su Causeway, Yang Gong Causeway and Zhao Gong Causeway. There are more than 100 park sites in the West Lake, including the "Ten Views of West Lake", "New Ten Views of West Lake" and "Three Reviews of Ten Views of West Lake", and there are more than 60 national, provincial and municipal key cultural relics protection units and more than 20 museums, including the Broken Bridge, Leifeng Pagoda, Qian Wang Ancestral Hall, Jing Ci Temple and Su Xiao Xiao's Tomb.

Wuzhen

Wuzhen, which belongs to Tongxiang City, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, is located in the "Golden Triangle" of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, in the hinterland of JIahanghu Plain, 60 kilometres from Hangzhou and Suzhou and 106 kilometres from Shanghai. It belongs to the Taihu Lake Basin water system, with rivers running cross it and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal running through it.

Wuzhen is one of the first batch of famous Chinese historical and cultural towns, one of the top ten charming towns in China, a national beautiful environment township, a National 5A Tourist Attraction, and is known as "China's last waterfront home". The town is known as the home of fish and rice and the capital of silk.